This course prepares students with the appropriate methods of literature search through analysis of research materials. 

This unit provides the students with such knowledge that will enable them to appreciate their role as Pharmaceutical and Healthcare professional in the national healthcare system. This subject will introduce services provided by the pharmacy related to the aspects of organisation, history, development, function, evolution, services and care. The course focuses on the various healthcare systems practiced nationally and internationally and enables the learner to apply healthcare practices in diverse population.

Topics covered in lectures provides basic knowledge and in depth understanding, in relation to the structure of the human body and the function of various organs. It also provides a foundation for students to learn subjects such as Pathophysiology Pharmacology. Knowledge regarding how the body functions is essential to understand procedures and drug action.

Topics covered in lectures include the basic principles of chemistry on the
properties of states of matter, stoichiometry and the various types of chemical

Learning outcomes
Upon successful completion of this course, students should be able to
▪ Explain the concepts of atomic structure, chemical bonding, theories of
gaseous and liquid states, solutions, thermodynamics, chemical kinetics,
equilibrium (PLO1, C2)
▪ Solve calculations based on the theories of stoichiometry, gaseous and
liquid states, solutions, chemical kinetics and equilibrium (PLO6, C3)
▪ Perform laboratory experiments using the knowledge on solutions,
chemical kinetics and equilibrium (PLO2, P2)

This course enables the students to acquire a general knowledge of microbiology, types of microbes, characteristics and the effects of various microorganisms in the human body. This course is a pre-requisite for aseptic techniques in Pharmaceutical subjects with more emphasis on bacteria and fungus.