Topics covered in lectures include cell injury and causes, pathogenesis of cell injury, atrophy and hypertrophy, inflammation, mediators and repair, pathophysiology of various infectious and non-infectious diseases as well as common disorders to the human body.

Topics covered in lectures include the theory of resonance, electrophilic aromatic substitution reactions, heterocyclic chemistry, polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons, medicinally important heteroaromatic compounds, carboxylic acids, amines, and phenols.

This unit will introduce the students to understand the basic concepts of psychology and the demands of the population at various stages of their life. It will make the students to enhance their communication skills with allied professionals. It will also help the learners to understand the abnormal psychology and future challenges to health care professionals in the psychology of health and illness.

Nervous system and pharmacotherapy is a concise introduction to drugs that affect the function of the autonomic nervous system. Drugs that affect the neuromuscular junction are discussed. Adrenergic and cholinergic agonists and antagonists, and cholinesterase inhibitors are emphasized. Drug-receptor interactions, subsequent physiological effects, and uses of drugs in therapy are discussed.

Topics covered in lectures provide basic knowledge on cultivation, collection, and processing of medicinal plants. Further, students will study both official and locally made crude drugs, which are in current use. Representative drugs from different morphological sources will be discussed in detail, involving the description of their macro- and microscopical characteristics. The geographical distribution, cultivation, collection, chemical constituents and their uses will be emphasized, which will be made even clearer when students go for field work to appreciate medicinal plants in their natural environment. In addition, the course covers the study of fibers used in surgical dressings and products used in filtration.

Topics covered in lectures include fundamental principles underlying the common techniques used in DNA technology and genetic engineering and their application to the pharmacy and the pharmaceutical industry. Students will also be introduced to the areas of pharmaceutical industry. The emphasis will also be given on the production of antibiotics, enzymes, and hormones using biotechnology techniques.

Kursus ini dibentuk adalah untuk melahirkan pelajar yang memahami konsep-konsep asas hubungan etnik, meneliti perkembangan hubungan etnik di Malaysia dan mewujudkan masyarakat Malaysia yang boleh menangani cabaran global dalam hubungan antara budaya dan etnik. Selain itu, ia bertujuan untuk melahirkan pelajar yang mempunyai sikap hormat menghormati berbagai kaum dan budaya yang terdapat di Malaysia serta memupuk semangat cintakan negara.