This topic is designed to enable the student to master proficiency of the language at an intellectual level to communicate effectively, appreciate and develop thoughts regarding knowledge, personal and community matters in official contacts, creative and non-creative thoughts through oral and written form. This topic also helps the student’s development of language for their higher education and career development.

This course introduces students to hospital pharmacy services. The students will be exposed to drug distribution systems, inventory management, and drug formulary and drug utilization review (DUR). Services such as parenteral nutrition, IV admixture, and cytotoxic drug reconstitution are also included. Apart from these, students are also exposed to management of acute drug toxicity and critical care therapy.  

In this unit, students will be provided with a general and practical introduction to information technology. The unit consists of: fundamental principles of computer operation, the main hardware components of the computer, data storage and retrieval. It provides  introduction to system software, introduction to data communications, hardware selection and evaluation;  Development of spreadsheets, word processing, data packages, the World Wide Web, applied IT modules. 

Emphasis is on pharmacologic interventions used to manage cardiovascular disease.  Major topics include drugs used as diuretics; antihypertensives; vasoactive, antianginals; cardiac glycosides and other cardiotonic; antiarrhythmics; anti-anemic agents, anticoagulant, antiplatelet and fibrinolytic drugs; and drugs for dyslipidemias.  Emphasis is on understanding the underlying cellular mechanisms by which cardiovascular drugs affect both normal and pathophysiologic processes, but ample time is devoted to addressing how they act in the intact organism, especially in the presence of disease that affects the cardiovascular system.  The overall goal is to establish the pharmacologic basis for therapeutics and management of cardiovascular diseases and blood disorders in humans.

The topics covered in lectures include basic principles, construction, and working of machinery or equipment required for various pharmaceutical processes like size reduction, distillation, mixing, filtration, etc.

This module explains the various quantitative and quality procedures carried out in testing pharmaceutical products. It will enable the learner to understand the basic principles and procedures of various quantitative and quality techniques including volumetric, spectroscopy, chromatography and electrophoresis.